Tag: rose

Transplanting Knock Out® Roses

Much like the interiors of our homes, our gardens sometimes need a little rearranging. Perhaps the color combination is wrong, a plant isn’t happy in its current
location or you just want to make a change. Moving established plants takes elbow grease and planning, but there’s really nothing to it. This is especially true
of Knock Out® roses. More vigorous than some other roses, there is little to fear when transplanting this shrub.

When to Move Knock Out® Roses

The best time to move a rose is in late winter or early spring while the plant is dormant.

Prepare the Planting Hole First

Dig the hole twice as big as it needs to be to fit the root ball. This will give you room to spread out the roots and add soil amendments to the bottom of the hole.
If your root ball is 18 inches, make the hole 24-inches wide. Ditto on the depth.

The Double Pink Knock Out Rose

Digging Up

When moving any plant, always try to keep as much of the root system as you can. Use a sharp, narrow shovel to cut around the perimeter of the shrub and remove as
much of the root ball as possible. Often the soil may fall away from the roots, but that is okay. The plant will be fine.

It is handy to have a piece of burlap around to use as a sling to transport the rose to its new location.

Replanting

Make a pile in the bottom of the planting hole with a 50:50 mix of garden soil and compost. Place the rose on the pile and spread out the roots. Make sure that the
soil level is the same that it was in the previous location. Planting too deep can actually kill many plants.

Back fill the planting hole with the soil and compost mix. Spread an organic, all-purpose fertilizer around the base of the rose. The package will indicate the proper
amount. Water in and add more soil if needed. Top with mulch, making sure to keep the mulch away from the base of the shrub.

Caring for Your Newly Transplanted Rose

Once the rose is in its new location, it needs to be pruned back about 50 percent.

Summer Rose Care

The peak of rose bloom in my garden occurs around the last week of April.  I consider this an unofficial farewell to spring and the beginning of summer.  I say good bye to peonies, iris and pansies and hello to daylilies, hydrangeas and of course, more roses.  With the exception of one or two, the roses in my garden are repeat bloomers and will continue to throw out flowers until the first hard freeze in fall.

 I’m a rose fanatic and have planted them extensively in my garden.  While most of the varieties are fairly carefree I do have a summer regimen that I follow to keep them in tiptop shape.

Feeding
I give my roses a healthy dose of fertilizer in the early spring to fortify them for their first flush of bloom. I simply use a fertilizer high in phosphorous, which is the middle number on the package. After the first wave of flowers fade I hit them with a second application of fertilizer formulated especially for roses. This will re-energize the plants and promote more roses for those that are repeat bloomers. Through the summer I continue to feed my repeat blooming roses after each bloom cycle.

Black Spot and Powdery Mildew
The biggest headache when growing roses is blackspot and powdery mildew. 

Blackspot – As the name implies it starts with a black spot on the leaf. It’s a fungus that certainly diminishes the look of the plant. Now I’ve never had a rose bush actually die from blackspot, but it can certainly cut down on their performance and make the shrubs look pretty shabby.

Blackspot is usually brought on by weather conditions. Sporadic rain followed by humid to hot conditions is the ideal breeding ground for this fungus. The rain soaks the plant, and then the weather heats up and causes the fungus to form on the damp leaves and petals.

If the problem becomes severe, use a commercial fungicide for blackspot and always try to get the plant completely saturated from top to bottom with the spray. Some serious cases of blackspot require several treatments before the fungus is completely annihilated. You should also spray the ground around your roses and put any diseased leaves in your trash, not in your compost.

Powdery Mildew – Powdery mildew is another fungus that reveals itself as a powder-like coating over the leaves.

Rarely will it kill a plant, but some perennials like phlox and shrubs such as lilacs, crape myrtles and roses can be damaged. A heavy infestation of powdery mildew can cause a plant to lose its leaves diminishing its vigor and causing it to not flower quite as much.

If you’re having this problem in your garden there are two approaches you should try in bringing the problem under control. The first is prevention. Remove and dispose of infected plants and leaves by burning them or put them in the garbage to help cut down on the spread. Don’t put infected leaves in your compost because you will just harbor spores for another round next season.

The second line of defense is to take action by spraying. But before using a conventional fungicide, try some of the new safer alternatives. I use a sulfur-based product. Since it’s not a synthetic fungicide, I don’t have to worry about it damaging the environment. Spray your roses about every 7 to 10 days when mildew is a problem.

One home remedy that some people have found useful as a preventative to powdery mildew is using this formula:
1 heaping teaspoon of baking soda
1 tablespoon of summer oil
1/2 teaspoon of insecticidal soap or dishwashing soap
1 gallon of water

It’s important that a plant is well hydrated before applying this solution. Water deeply a couple of days before spraying and don’t spray during the heat of the day.

Black Spot Resistant Roses in My Garden
‘Marie Pavie’
‘The Fairy’
‘Lamarque’
‘Caldwell Pink’
‘New Dawn’
‘Pinkie’
‘White Dawn’
‘Marchesa Boccella’
‘Russell’s Cottage’
‘Katharina Zeimet’

Allen Dead Heading Roses
Deadheading
The time to do any hard pruning of roses is the late winter or early spring before the leaf buds open.  But don’t panic, if you didn’t get to cutting back your plants this year. Your plants will not suffer and once the blooms have faded at the end of spring you will have the opportunity to do some light pruning. Not only will this be a chance to reshape and clean up your plants, but with many of the repeat blooming varieties, it will encourage a second round of flower production.

It’s important to realize that not all roses rebloom. Some old-fashioned shrubs types only bloom once in the spring. Cutting the old flowers away on these types will just help the plant look a little better. But for those that rebloom like my favorite ‘New Dawn’ as well as any of the floribundas, polyanthas and popular hybrid tea roses, removing what is left of dead flowers will definitely encourage the next wave of bloom.  When you do this it’s important to remove them with sharp pruners, making the cut just above a leaf with five leaflets. By cutting here, when the new bud forms, the stem will be large and strong enough to support it. Another thing I do after I’ve pruned my roses is feed them with a high phosphorus liquid fertilizer.